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Religious and Cultural Traditions

Judaism
  • Hebrews in Mesopotamia, the patriarch Abraham, and migration through Syrian desert to Palestine
  • Moved to Egypt (probably with the Hyksos), enslaved, exodus led by Moses
  • 10 Commandments, Ark of the Covenant symbolizes the pact with Pact
  • Kingdom of Israel: 1000 BCE, Solomon's temple, two kingdoms: Israel (North) and Judah (South)
  • 722 BCE conquered by Assyrians, and in 597 BCE by Babylonians, most people of Judah (Jews) were exiled
  • Diasporic communities developed as Jews were forced into new lands by conquering forces, including the Romans
Hinduism
Buddhism
Confucianism
  • Laozi, Analects
  • Relationships
Taoism
  • Follow nature as a guide

Christianity
  • Some Jews believed Jesus of Nazareth was the messiah
  • Romans crucified him for disrupting order
  • Spread of Christianity through disciples and missionaries
  • Becomes Roman Empire religion
Effects on gender roles
Shamanism and animism
Architectural styles



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