Early Modern

The interconnection of the Eastern and Western hemispheres, made possible by transoceanic voyaging, marked a key transformation of this period. Although the world’s productive systems continued to be heavily centered on agricultural production throughout this period, major changes occurred in agricultural labor, the systems and locations of manufacturinggender, and social structures, and environmental processes. Empires expanded and conquered new peoples around the world, but they often had difficulties incorporating culturally, ethnically, and religiously diverse subjects, and administrating widely dispersed territories.
  1. How did the creation of a global trade network after 1500 CE affect pre-existing regional trade networks? (i.e. Indian Ocean, Mediterranean, trans-Saharan, Silk Roads)
  2. What technological developments and new knowledge made transoceanic European travel and trade possible? (Maps, caravel)
  3. What were the major notable transoceanic voyages of 1450-1750?
  4. What new financial and monetary systems made the larger scale of trade possible?
  5. What were the effects of the Colombian Exchange (Great Exchange)?
  6. How did the new global trade network affect the spread of religions?
  7. How did the arts benefit from the wealth created by the new global trade network?
  1. How did labor systems develop between 1450-1750?
  2. How did the post-1450 economy affect the social, economic, and political elites?

  1. What methods did political rulers legitimize and consolidate their rule?
  2. What was the relationship between imperialism and military technology (gunpowder)?