Innovations in transportation, state policies, and mercantile practices contributed to the expansion and development of commercial networks, which in turn served as conduits for cultural, technological, and biological diffusion within and between various societies.  The expansion of Islam introduced a new concept — the Caliphate — to Afro-Eurasian statecraft. Pastoral peoples in Eurasia built powerful and distinctive empires that integrated people and institutions from both the pastoral and agrarian worldsRising productivity supported population growth and urbanization but also strained environmental resources and at times caused dramatic demographic swings.
  1. How did trade networks in the Post-Classical compare to the Classical?
  2. How did trade networks as a whole develop in the Post-Classical?
  3. What were the effects of migration in the Post-Classical?
  1. How did Post-Classical states avoid the mistakes of Classical empires in regions where Classical empires collapsed?
  2. What new forms of governance emerged?
  3. How did states in the Americas develop in the Post-Classical? 
  1. What new innovations affected agriculture in the Post-Classical era?
  2. How and why did crops migrate during the Post-Classical era?
  3. Why did some post-classical urban areas decline while others propsered?
  4. How did social, labor, and gender hierarchies develop in the Post-Classical? 

Post-Classical Vocabulary

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Dec 28, 2014, 2:46 PM
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Dec 21, 2014, 9:16 AM